Niederlande und Westeuropa
Startseite: Fähren in Europa

Startseite D, NL, Westeuropa


Wagenfähren (barca / ferry) von Lissabon aus über den Tejo
Wagenfähre Santa Apolónia / Lisboa - Cacilhas (?) 1903 - ?
Cais do Sodré - Cacilhas Victoria
Setubalense 1936 - ? (2003)
Lisbonense  (I)
Monte Pragal 1959 - 1983 / 1990 - 2002
Sesimbrense 1983 - 1990 / 1993 - ?
Lisbonense (II)
Personenfähre Cais do Sodré - Seixal  
früher auch Wagenfähre Belem - Porto Brandão Monte Pragal 1959 - 1983
Personenfähre Belem - Porto Brandão - Trafaria  
vermutlich immer Personenfähre  Sul e Sueste (Terreiro do Paço) -   Barreiro

- Caminhos de Ferro do Sul e Sueste - 1993
- Soflusa – Sociedade Fluvial de Transportes, S.A. - 2001
- Transtejo S.A. - ...
1959/1960 - ? nn1
1959/1960 - ? nn2
1970 - ? Alentejo
Damião de Goes 2003 - ...
Augusto Gil
Miguel Torga
Fernando Namora
Gil Vicente
Jorge de Sena
Almeida Garrett
Fernando Pessoa
Antero de Quental
Personenfähre Sul e Sueste (Terreiro do Paço) - Montijo

Alentejanense 12.1957 - 1977
Sesimbrense 1958 - 1983

Cesário Verde
Pedro Nunes
Personenfähre Cais do Sodré - Montijo  (zeitweilig)
Personenfähre Cais do Seixalinho - Montijo heuite nicht mehr
Tejo-Brücke ab 1966 "Cacilheiros"; barcos

A vehicle ferry service was started in 1903 from a terminal at Santa Apolónia, near the international railway station of the same name. This service subsequently moved to Cais do Sodré, from where passenger services also ran to Cacilhas, Seixal and Aldeia Galega, with Sunday cruises operated to Vila Franca de Xira, Algés and Trafaria. By the 1930s the Parceria ran alongside the ferries of the Caminhos de Ferro do Sul e Sueste, the railway company. This company operated to Barreiro from Terreiro do Paço and was also in cross-Tagus competition with the Damásio Vasques & Santos (DVS) company. Disaster struck on 19 December, 1938 when 29 lives were lost when a dredger and ferry collided. Also, on 9 February 1971, the Empresa de Transportes Tejo (ETT) suffered a major accident when their vessel, Rio Ave, collided with a tug and sank, though all on board were saved.
By 1957 there were three main operators; Jerónimo Rodrigues Dorã (JRD), the Empresa de Transportes Tejo (ETT) and the Sociedade Nacional de Motonaves (SNM). The opening of the Ponte Salazar (now Ponte 25 de Abril), from 1966, provoked a loss of trade as did the turmoil and moves towards nationalisation after the 1974 Revolution. On 17 December 1975 five ferry companies were nationalised, (ETT, JRD, DVS, SNM and the Sociedade Marítima dos Transportes (SMT). These became Transtejo - Transportes Tejo (TT), a public company with 26 ferries.

The CP (Railway) routes remained separately operated. Since 1994 these have been operated from Sul e Sueste to Barreiro by SOFLUSA (Sociedade Fluvial de Transportes S.A.). In 1975 TT operated services from T. do Paço to Alcochete, Cacilhas, Montijo, Seixal and Cacilhas, and from Cais do Sodré to Cacilhas, and from Belém to Trafaria and Porto Brandão, with a fleet which was now mostly old. From 1977 newly acquired vessels were introduced as was a new orange livery. In 1982 Tagus cruises began alongside the ferry services. Since 1990 the services to Seixal and Montijo have seen a growth in usage, though the new Vasco da Gama bridge and the new rail services across the Ponte 25 de Abril both threaten future growth of the ferry routes to these and other locations. The introduction of catamarans on the longer services in 1995 has helped to maintain traffic share and at least two further catamarans have been acquired in 1999/2000. 

©  Wilhelm Langes, Dortmund, Germany 2003 ff.
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